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AFA2019会议论文(5): Insiders and Incentives

2019-1-6 13:52| 发布者: sujiaoshou| 查看: 258| 评论: 0|原作者: 金融经济学 |来自: 金融经济学

摘要: AFA2019会议论文(5): Insiders and Incentives

AFA2019会议论文(5): Insiders and Incentives

金融经济学 2018-12-22

 The Dollar Profits to Insider Trading

● The Long-Term Consequences of Short-Term Incentives

 The Real Costs of CEO Compensation: the Effect of Behindness Aversion of Employees

 

1The Dollar Profits to Insider Trading

 

Peter Cziraki,University of Toronto

Jasmin Gider,Tilburg University

 

Abstract

While prior research has documented large percentage returns to insider trading, it is not clear whether insiders make large dollar profits on their trades. This is the first paper to study these profits. We find that dollar profits are economically small for a typical insider, the median insider earning abnormal profits of $464 per year. Variables that predict percentage returns fail to predict dollar profits. Insiders who trade infrequently make high returns, while insiders who trade frequently make large dollar profits. We exploit a legally-imposed discontinuity to construct a new measure of insiders’ intentions, which predicts both returns and dollar profits. This measure successfully identifies a small subset (0.5%) of insiders whose profits are significantly higher with a median of $2,500 per year. Finally, we use variation in SEC budgets over time to assess whether monitoring reduces insider-trading profits. Our work highlights that using dollar profits as opposed to percentage returns offers contrasting evidence on a number of questions about insider trading.We argue that profits are a more precise measure for testing agency theories.

 

原文链接:

https://editorialexpress.com/cgi-bin/conference/download.cgi?db_name=AFA2019&paper_id=461

 

 

2、The Long-Term Consequences of Short-Term Incentives

 

Alex Edmans,London Business School

 Vivian Fang,University of Minnesota

Allen Huang,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

 

Abstract

This paper shows that short-term stock price concerns induce CEOs to take value-reducing actions.Vesting equity, our measure of short-term concerns, is positively associated with the probability of a firm repurchasing shares, the amount of shares repurchased, and the probability of the firm announcing a merger or acquisition (M&A). When vesting equity increases, stock returns are more positive in the two quarters surrounding both repurchases and M&A, but more negative in the two years following repurchases and four years following M&A. We show that a potential driver of the negative long-run returns to M&A is subsequent goodwill impairment. These results are inconsistent with CEOs buying underpriced stock or companies to maximize long-run shareholder value, but consistent with these actions being used to boost the short-term stock price and improve the conditions for CEO equity sales. Overall, by identifying actions that carry clear value implications, this paper documents the long-term negative consequences of short-term incentives.

 

原文链接:

https://editorialexpress.com/cgi-bin/conference/download.cgi?db_name=AFA2019&paper_id=202

 

 

3、The Real Costs of CEO Compensation: the Effect of Behindness Aversion of Employees

 

 Ingolf Dittmann,Erasmus University Rotterdam 

Christoph Schneider,Tilburg University

Yuhao Zhu,Erasmus University Rotterdam

 

Abstract

Do employees who compare themselves to the CEO matter for executive compensation?We hypothesize employees who are behindness averse and compare their wage to the CEO’s pay. Using German establishment-level wage data, we indeed show that employee wages are increasing in CEO compensation. We establish causality by using a differencein-difference approach and controlling for firm and establishment fixed effects. When CEO compensation increases by 1%, the median employee’s wage increases by about 0.04%. Our findings suggest that behindness aversion of employees is an important driver of wages and increases the costs of executive compensation significantly.

 

原文链接:

https://editorialexpress.com/cgi-bin/conference/download.cgi?db_name=AFA2019&paper_id=643

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